Council elections are held every four years and all councillors, mayors and deputy mayors are elected for four-year terms.
Elections are usually held in October of each election year. The next local government elections are due in October 2018.
The Tasmanian Electoral Commission is responsible for the supervision of local government elections. The Electoral Commission appoints returning officers to run the election.
Council elections are conducted by postal ballot.
All elections for councillor positions are required to be conducted by using a multi-member proportional representation electoral system. This is directly modelled on the Hare-Clarke system used for Tasmanian House of Assembly elections.
A feature of the Hare-Clarke electoral system is that vacant seats are filled by recount rather than by elections.
Under the postal ballot system there is a polling period of at least ten days (excluding any Saturday, Sunday or bank holiday), rather than a single polling day.